Kidney Care Centre

Why are Kidneys so important to us?

The Kidneys despite being relatively small organs (about the size of an adult fist), do tremendously important functions that help humans function. 

The main functions of the kidneys;

a) Excretion of waste such as toxins, excess salts, urea and Creatinine.
b) Filtration, Re-absorption, and Secretion of blood cells, large molecules, toxins, fluid and minerals.
c) Water Homeostasis
d) Acid/Base Homeostasis
e) Electrolyte Homeostasis – Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Calcium, Magnesium
f) Blood Pressure Homeostasis
g) Secretion of Hormones such as calcitrol and erythropoietin

Why is it important to look after your Kidneys?

Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons, causing them to lose their filtering capacity. Damage to the nephrons may happen quickly, often as the result of injury or poisoning. But most kidney diseases destroy the nephrons slowly and silently. It may take years or even decades for the damage to become apparent.

To safeguard ones self and loved ones, is it important to know about this silent killer. Kidney disease is a silent killer because the deteriorating of the kidneys can be happening without any symptoms. Usually kidneys can fail up to about 85% of their activity level before any symptoms are seen.

Common causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure but also inherited and congenital kidney diseases, autosomal recessive PKD, Poisons and trauma, Some over-the-counter medicines.

What tests are available at Nawaloka that can diagnose a Kidney disease?

Blood tests                 Urine tests
a) Serum Creatinine         a) Urinalysis 
b) Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) b) Urine Protein 
c) Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) c) Microalbuminuria 
                                                                                d) Creatinine Clearance

Imaging tests                  Renal biopsy
a) Ultrasound           
b) CT Scan

Can a Kidney disease be treated? If so, what are the treatment methods are available at Nawaloka?

Many kidney diseases can be treated successfully. Careful control of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure can help prevent kidney disease or keep it from getting worse. Kidney stones and urinary tract infections can usually be treated successfully. Unfortunately, chronic kidney disease may progress to kidney failure, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation.

For Inquiries