Cancer and Blood Disease Centre
Compassionate Cancer Care
Nawaloka Hospital has an excellent Heamoto Oncology Unit with a state-of-the-art Chemotheraphy Unit, dedicated clinical Heamotologists and Oncologists and a well trained nursing staff.
The Nawaloka Centre for Cancer and Blood Disease aims to provide patients with Blood Cancer high quality diagnostics and treatment based on the latest international standards at an affordable price.
The Nawaloka Centre for Cancer and Blood Disease has been helping patients win the fight against cancer using advanced technology and a personalized approach, providing our patients with high quality diagnostics and treatment based on the latest international standards, all at an affordable price.
What is Multiple Myeloma ?
Multiple Myeloma(MM) is a type of blood cancer which affects plasma cells,a type of white blood cell in the bone marrow which specializes in producing antibodies. In MM, the malignant plasma cells overtake the bone marrow and prevent the production of normal blood cells and antibodies. MM plasma cells produce an abnormal antibody which can damage the kidneys and bones.
What are the Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma ?
- Bone fractures or pain
- Fatigue due to low blood counts
- Symptoms due to abnormal kidney function
- Recurrent infections
- Easy bruising or bleeding
What tests are required to make a diagnosis of Multiple Myeloma ?
- Blood tests
- X Rays
- Bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy. (BMAT) BMAT involves inserting a needle into the bone and extracting the marrow as well as obtaining a 2cm piece of bone for examination in the laboratory. These tests are required to make a diagnosis of MM and to determine the prognosis.
What is the prognosis for Patients with Multiple Myeloma?
- The prognosis of MM depends on the patients'age and specific abnormalities in the genes of the MM plasma cells. These can be detected on the bone marrow tests.
- Many patients with MM can expect several years of disease control with a good quality of life
What is the Treatment for Multiple Myeloma?
- The treatment options for MM have improved significantly over the last 10 years.
- The latest treatment for MM includes new drugs which are very well to lerated by patients and can be delivered in the outpatient setting.
- Patients with MM who are under 65 years of age will benefit from stem cell transplant after they have responded to the initial treatment.
What is Lymphoma ?
Lymphoma occurs when abnormal cells within the lymphatic system of the body grow in an uncontrolled way.The lymphatic system is part of the body's immune system. It includes tissues such as the bone marrow, tonsils and spleen,as well as lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes. About 70-80% of lymphomas develop in the lymph nodes. The rest develop out side the lymph nodes and can occur in other parts of the body.
What are the common symptoms of Lymphoma?
- Swollen or enlarged lymph nodes in the neck,underarm,groin or stomach
- Persistent,unexplained fever
- Excessive sweating at night
- Unexplained weight loss
What tests are required to make a diagnosis of Lymphoma ?
- Blood tests
- Lymph node biopsy:This involves taking a sample of tissue froma swollen lymph node for examination under a microscope
- X rays , CT scans and / PET scans
- Taking a sample of bone marrow for examination under a microscope-this is called a bone marrow aspiration/biopsy.
What is the prognosis for Patients with Lymphoma?
- The prognosis depends on the type of lymphoma,the stage, patient's age and the results of other blood tests and scans.
- Many patients with lymphoma can expect to be cured while in those types of lymphoma where cure is not possible,a high percentage of patients achieve long periods of disease control.
What is the Treatment for Lymphoma ?
- Treatment for lymphoma depends on the type of lymphoma, the stage of the disease,and the patient's general health.
- Treatment options can include chemotherapy,radiotherapy and antibody drugs which specifically destroy lymphoma cells.